What is Blood Pressure, What are its Types?
The numbers that appear when the pressure in your arteries (systolic pressure-systolic pressure) and the pressure in your arteries (diastolic pressure-diastolic blood pressure) are measured by the relaxation of the heart muscle at the moment the heart beats represent the blood pressure.
Although the optimum blood pressure rate varies from person to person, the ideal is between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. (systolic blood pressure is between 90-120, diastolic blood pressure is between 60-80)
Both numbers in the blood pressure reading are important. However, after the age of 50, the systolic reading (systolic blood pressure) becomes more important. Isolated systolic hypertension is a condition in which the diastolic pressure is normal but the systolic pressure is high. This is a common type of high blood pressure among people older than 65.
What is Hypotension? and What is Hypertension?
Low blood pressure is expressed as hypotension in the medical language, and sudden blood pressure drops show itself with symptoms such as severe headache, weakness, and fainting. High blood pressure is expressed as hypertension in the medical language. . Excessive salt consumption and a sedentary lifestyle can lead to hypertension. Since the increase in blood pressure does not cause any symptoms in the short term, it should be checked from time to time in the group over the age of 40. High blood pressure; It rarely manifests itself with symptoms such as headache, weakness, palpitation, excessive sweating, buzzing and ringing in the ears, swelling in the extremities, nosebleeds, frequent urination. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause very serious diseases.
Looking at the data, 45% of the patients are unaware that they have high blood pressure. In order to understand and diagnose whether the person is sick or not, blood pressure measurements are made during rest on 2 different days.
Your doctor may want you to record your blood pressure at home to provide additional information and clarify whether you have high blood pressure. In some cases, they may request additional tests from you. And by looking at these data, a diagnosis is made and drug treatment begins. It may take 3 to 7 days for the drugs to take effect.
Every 6 months, a doctor’s appointment is made to examine whether the drug is good for the patient, whether it causes damage to the organs or not. As a result of his controls, he may decide to change the drug or the dose of the drug used. It is extremely important that drugs are not discontinued and the dose is not changed without the knowledge of the physician.
Which Disorders Can Trigger High Blood Pressure?
Hypertension can surface due to these conditions:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Kidney problems
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Thyroid problems
- Birth defects
- Used birth control pills, drugs etc.
Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure
- The risk of hypertension increases simultaneously with increasing age.
- The risk of hypertension may increase depending on race. The risk of high blood pressure is more common among people of African descent.
- Family history is of great importance in risk factors.
- If you have an overweight problem, your risk of hypertension is also higher.
- Inactive people are at higher risk of high blood pressure.
- Cigarettes are a high risk factor for people who use tobacco.
- Excess salt consumption can cause your body to retain fluid, which can increase blood pressure, which can lead to high blood pressure.
- High levels of stress can cause a ballooning increase in blood pressure
Uncontrolled hypertension can cause these complications:
- Heart attack or stroke
- Heart failure
- Weakening of blood vessels in the kidneys and eyes
- Metabolic syndrome
- Memory problems
How to Prevent High Blood Pressure?
To control high blood pressure, you may need to take arduous ways to change your lifestyle. You may need to make some changes in your nutrition program and life rituals.
To prevent hypertension:
- Eating heart-friendly meals with less salt content. Consuming low-salt foods increases the effect of high blood pressure medications you use.
- Eating rich menus from all food groups (fruit, vegetables, cereals, meat, fish-chicken, dairy products).
- Consume foods containing saturated fat and trans fat as little as possible.
- Take care not to consume processed foods.
- Avoid smoking. Because smoking causes resistance to high blood pressure medications.
- Keep doing physical activities regularly.
- If you suffer from obesity problem, you should lose weight for your health.
- You should reduce your alcohol intake.
- Leave the stress factor behind in your life as much as possible.
- Check your blood pressure at home periodically.
- Increase your folic acid consumption.
- Get quality sleep.
- Pay extra attention to vitamin (C, D) consumption.
In addition to diets and changing lifestyles, your doctor may recommend medication to reduce blood pressure. The medication your doctor recommends is based on your blood pressure measurements and other existing medical problems. Consult your doctor for a personalized treatment plan.
What Lowers High Blood Pressure?
In order to reduce high blood pressure, some methods can be applied at home, some foods can be consumed:
- Washing your head with cold water will be the right step to lower your high blood pressure. Because cold water stimulates your nerves, it will lead to a decrease in your blood pressure.
- You can consume yogurt or ayran.
- Consumption of lemon will be the right choice. Because lemon juice takes on the task of clearing some substances that cause clogged arteries from our body. By squeezing half a lemon into a glass of water every morning, you can ensure that these substances are removed from your body.
- You can choose products with garlic. Garlic will help lower your blood pressure quickly. Take care to consume 1-2 cloves of garlic every day.
- Beetroot juice is an effective blood pressure reducer as it allows blood to flow easily through the veins thanks to the nitrate in its content.
- Banana, with its rich potassium content, accelerates your blood flow and lowers your blood pressure. It is also excellent in preventing the accumulation of substances that can cause congestion in the veins.
- As the bitter melon heals many diseases, it will be the right solution to lower your high blood pressure.
- Reducing your salt consumption is very important for hypertension.
- You can go the way of regulating your blood pressure with rosehip tea.
Of course, the methods you will do at home and the foods you will consume are not for therapeutic purposes. It is applied only to make you relax in the moment. It contains useful information to save the moment, but at the point where your blood pressure is out of control, you may need to consult a specialist and shape your treatment plan by starting a drug.
In addition, high blood pressure tires the heart and damages organs. Because it is an insidious disease, it can progress silently. If the disease is not understood with early diagnosis, it may have left a wide variety of damage in the body.
Early treatment in hypertension saves lives. Therefore, if you are of Bets10 opinion that you have a hypertension problem, it is very important to have the necessary examinations done at the nearest health institution.